A Turn for the Better
Toroid housings ready for shipment
in only 3 days
Toroid coil (left) and FDM toroid housing (right).
M3500 turn and bank instrument.
Kelly Manufacturing Company (KMC) manufactures the R.C. Allen line of aircraft instruments and is the world’s largest manufacturer of general aviation instruments. The R.C. Allen line includes air and electric–attitude gyros, directional gyros, turn and bank indicators, turn and slip indicators, turn coordinators, tachometers, engine gages, voltage warning systems, battery probe assemblies and voltage inverters. Instrument manufacturing requires stringent testing facilities and a solid quality system to ensure that aircraft pilots have functional and reliable systems for a safe flight.
The M3500 instrument is a “turn and bank” indicator which provides the pilot with the rate of aircraft turn. A critical component of the M3500 is the toroid housing that contains the coil used to power the gyro at the heart of the instrument. The housings were previously made of urethane castings. It was hard to hold tight dimensional specifications for housing height using this method and manual sanding was required to remove artifacts from the casting process. Another concern with this approach is that new tooling had to be produced at a considerable cost whenever the design changed. Delivery lead time for 500 castings was three to four weeks.
Rapid Processing Solutions Inc. (Rapid PSI) is a contract manufacturer that specializes in direct digital manufacturing. The company uses Fortus 3D Production Systems to make production parts for most every large business jet manufacturer worldwide. Most of these parts are made with SABIC’s ULTEM* 9085 material, which is a strong, lightweight thermoplastic widely used in aircraft interiors. The material is heat resistant up to 320° F (160° C) and is inherently flame-retardant, offering full FST (flame, smoke and toxicity) compliance, including 55 kw min/m2 heat release and peak heat release using the OSU test method.
Rapid PSI introduced KMC to direct digital manufacturing and the ULTEM material with successful results. For KMC, Rapid PSI now produces 500 toroid housings in a single run on a large-frame, FDM-based, Fortus 900mc 3D Production System. Rapid PSI can start a run in the evening, and have a batch of parts ready by morning. “We liked the idea that there was no need for tooling, so it was easy to switch to the new material and process,” said Justin Kelly, KMC President.
Achieving tight tolerances of 0.003 in. (0.0762 mm) FDM provides substantially better dimensional accuracy than the urethane casting process, and it eliminates the need for hand sanding. The temperature rating and burn data for ULTEM 9085 substantially surpasses the material previously used. “The lead time for 500 units has been shortened to three days from order to delivery of parts,” Kelly said. “In the aircraft world that’s quick for certified production parts.” An added benefit, per-piece costs, have been reduced by 5 percent and tooling costs have been eliminated.
Since learning about direct digital manufacturing with FDM for the toroid housing, KMC has also begun to use Rapid PSI’s Fortus machines, with PC and ABS materials for its larger prototyping applications. “Unlike our previous rapid prototypes, FDM parts can be used for functional testing because they’re made of the same materials we use for production parts,” Kelly said. “FDM is also more affordable so we have been able to do more R&D than would otherwise be possible.”